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Inhaltsverzeichnis

Road Movies von A - Z
Anja Herkenrath
Niemals stillstehen
Women in Road Movies
Literatur
Links
 
  Road Movies von A - Z (mehr als 130 Titel)

Adventures of Priscilla

Queen of the Desert

1994, 102 min. 999:1951

Directed by Stephan Elliott. Bernadette, a drag queen, relives her theatrical glory days with two young friends on one wild road trip through rural Australia.

http://us.imdb.com/Title?0109045

Alice Doesn't Live Here Anymore

1974, 112 min. 999:1875

Directed by Martin Scorsese; featuring Ellen Burstyn, Kris Kristofferson, Alfred Lutter, Diane Ladd, Vic Tayback, Harvey Keitel. Alice Hyatt's husband dies accidentally, leaving her to care for their son, Tommy. Unskilled, Alice decides to return to Monterey, California, where she was once a singer. Because she is short of funds, she must work her way across the country. As they travel they encounter many difficult situations until they encounter a rancher in Phoenix where she falls in love.

Alice in the Cities

Alice in den Städten

1974 BRD 1973, 110 min. 999:138

Directed by Wim Wenders. Phillip, a footloose 31-year old journalist on the road from the United States to Europe, suddenly finds himself with a new traveling companion: a 9-year old girl named Alice.

http://us.imdb.com/Title?0069687

American Graffiti USA 1973, 109min, D: George Lucas, http://us.imdb.com/Title?0069704
Ariel Finnland 1988, D: Aki Kaurismäki, 74min, http://us.imdb.com/Title?0094675
Badlands

1973, 95 min. DVD 201

Directed by Terrence Malick. Featuring Martin Sheen, Sissy Spacek, Warren Oates, Ramon Bieri. Set in South Dakota in 1959, this is the story of Kit and his girlfriend Holly, two people alienated from everyday life, who go on a killing spree. Based loosely on the 1950's killing spree by Charles Starkweather and his girlfriend, Caril Ann Fugate.

The Big Bus A1976, ll aboard the bus for this parody of disaster movies. Better yet, take the airplane.

Börn Natturunnar

Children of Nature

Island 1991, D: Fredirk Thór Fridriksson, http://us.imdb.com/Title?0101526
Bonnie & Clyde

1967, 112 min. 999:2

Directed by Arthur Penn. Featuring Warren Beatty, Faye Dunaway, Gene Hackman, Estelle Parsons, Michael J. Pollard. A likeable young couple embark on a series of increasingly violent crimes during the darkest days of the Depression.

Bound for Glory

1976, 149 min. 999:1749

Directed by Hal Ashby; featuring David Carradine, Ronny Cox, Melinda Dillon, Gail Strickland, Randy Quaid. Set against the grim backdrop of depression America, this film joyously celebrates the life of Woody Guthrie, America's great folk balladeer and poet. As he traveled across America his buoyant spirit and soul-rousing music surrounded him with a quiet strength enabling him to do battle with the social injustice which surrounded him.

Boys on the Side W1995, hoopi Goldberg, Mary-Louise Parker, and Drew Barrymore have 3,000 miles of bonding experiences while driving across the country.
Breaking the Rules 1992, Jason Bateman, C. Thomas Howell, and Annie Potts in a film about two friends who want to take their dying friend on his last journey.
Cannonball 1976, David Carradine and Veronica Hamel in a cross-country road race
The Cannonball Run 1981, A cross-country road race with Burt Reynolds, Roger Moore, Farrah Fawcett, and lots of ad-libs. A sequel, Cannonball II (1984), contained more ad-libs.
The Chase 1994, Charlie Sheen, having escaped from imprisonment on a false charge, takes Kristy Swanson on the lam with him, traveling the highways, setting off a media frenzy above and behind them, and basically bonding like crazy.
Coast to Coast 1980, Dyan Cannon is a nutty woman who travels cross country with Robert Blake, who plays a trucker who isn't exactly normal either.
Convoy 1978, Ali McGraw and truck driver Kris Kristofferson "meet cute" in a not entirely horrible trucker-with-CB-radio movie based on C.W. McCall's hit song of the same name.
Desperate

1947, 999:476

Directed by Anthony Mann. Featuring Steve Brodie, Audrey Long, Raymond Burr, Douglas Fowley. An innocent man is framed for the murder of a police officer, but his framers don't know how dangerous a desperate man can be. When he escapes, both the police and the mob are after him.

Detour

1946, 999:723

Directed by Edgar G. Ulmer. Featuring Tom Neal, Ann Savage, Claudia Drake, Edmund MacDonald, Tim Ryan, Esther Howard, Pat Gleason. After his girlfriend Sue has left for the West Coast, Al Roberts decides to join her and starts a journey hitchhiking westwards. When he finds a driver who'd given him a lift dead, he decides to get rid of the body and take the man's identity, fearing he'd be accused of murder if he would go to the police. However, Vera, a hitchhiking girl Al picks up, sees through him and starts blackmailing him into going along with her schemes which get him deeper and deeper into trouble. [from the Internet Movie Database]

Down by Law

1969, 90 min. 999:1915

Directed by Jim Jarmusch; Tom Waits, John Lurie, Roberto Benigni, Ellen Barkin. A small-time pimp, an out-of-work disk jockey and an Italian tourist break out of a New Orleans jail and escape to the bayou, barely surviving each other's company much less the swamp.

Duel 1971, TV movie by Steven Spielberg pits a business man against a mysterious trucker.
Easy Rider 1969, Peter Fonda, Dennis Hopper, and Jack Nicholson in a classic search for America on motorcycle.
Directed by Dennis Hopper; featuring Peter Fonda, Dennis Hopper, Jack Nicholson. Two motorcyclists travel across the U.S. in search of the real America. 999:229
Eat My Dust 1976, Ron Howard and Corbin Bernsen in a story about drivers who just can't seem to go fast enough.
Electric Glide in Blue 1973, William Blake as a highway cop with an attitude.
Even Cowgirls Get the Blues 1994, See, this woman has a real big thumb so she becomes a hitchhiker, but ... Forget it - skip this lousy movie and read the novel by Tom Robbins.
From Dusk to Dawn 1996, George Clooney and Quentin Tarantino are brothers on the lam - not realizing they are headed for a roadhouse that just happens to be inhabited by vampires. Don't worry about who's going to be the designated driver.
The Getaway USA 1972, D: Sam Peckinpah, 121min, http://us.imdb.com/Title?0068638

Get On the Bus

 

1996, Directed by Spike Lee. Follows a group of different men traveling from Los Angeles to the Million Man March in Washington, D.C. They board the bus as strangers but emerge three days and thousands of miles later as brothers. 121 min. 999:1808
The Goddess of 1967 Australien 2000, D: Clara Law, 119min http://us.imdb.com/Title?0255195

Grapes of Wrath

 

1940, 100 min. 999:508

Directed by John Ford. Featuring: Henry Fonda, Jane Darwell, John Carradine, Charley Grapewin. The migration of the Joad family to California from their dust-bowl farm in Oklahoma during the Great Depression.

The Joad family, including son Henry Fonda, heads for California on Route 66 in this classic film version of John Steinbeck's classic novel.

The Great Dynamite Chase

1977, Sexy female bank robbers hit the road.
The Great Race 1965, This comic auto race stars everyone from Jack Lemmon to Dorothy Provine.
The Great Smokey Roadblock 1976, Henry Fonda is an aging trucker carting prostitutes cross country. Don't ask why.
The Gumball Rally 1976, First of the cross-country road race movies - this one with Michael Sarrazin and Raul Julia.
Guantanamera

1995, 104 min. 999:2087

Directed by Tomas Gutierrez Alea; featuring Jorge Perugorria, Mirtha Ibarra, Carlos Cruz, Raul Eguren, Conchita Brando. In this romantic comedy, Yoyita, a world-famous diva, returns to her home town of Guantanamo for an elegant reception and a surprise reunion with her once beloved, Candido. Overjoyed with the rekindled memories of her first love, Yoyita's elated heart fizzles while in Candido's embrace. Joining Yoyita's procession back to Havana are her sexy niece Gina, a former professor blacklisted for political nonconformity, and her husband Adolfo, a tasteless government official. As the cortege wends westward across Cuba, its path keeps crossing that of Mariano, a gallant truck driver who once had a crush on Gina and whose recurring presence crystallizes her doubts about her marriage.

Hell's Angels on Wheels 1967, Jack Nicholson is a gas station attendant named Poet in this movie about the biker gang.
High-Ballin' 1978, Peter Fonda and Jerry Reed are truckers. Helen Shaver is a trucker, too. And someone wants to force them off the road.
Highway 61 1991, From Ontario to New Orleans on the blues highways, with a coffin on the roof of the car.
Highway 301 1950, Robbery capers.
Highway to Hell 1992, In this update of the Greek legend of Orpheus, Chad Lowe and Kristy Swanson, intent on eloping to Las Vegas, make the mistake of leaving the interstate and end up on Hell's highway (the real Hell - with Satan and company).
The Hitch-Hiker

1953, 70 min. DVD 169

Directed by Ida Lupino. Featuring Edmond O'Brien, Frank Lovejoy, William Talman. The only true 'film noir' ever directed by a woman, this tour de force thriller is a classic, tension-packed, three-way dance of death about two middle-class American homebodies on vacation in Mexico on a long-awaited fishing trip. Suddenly their car and their very lives are commandeered by a psychopathic serial killer.

The last thing these businessmen wanted to pick up was a murderous hitchhiker.

Honeysuckle Rose 1980, Life on the road is tough for Willie Nelson, Dyan Cannon, and Slim Pickens.
Honky Tonk Freeway 1981, This tourist town may lack an interchange, but it has absurdity going for it.
Honkytonk Man 1982, Clint Eastwood's destination is the Grand Ol' Opry.
Im Inneren des Wals, BRD 1984, R: Doris Dörrie, 103min, http://us.imdb.com/Title?0087459
Intersection 1994, You'll want to buckle your safety belt after Richard Gere, Sharon Stone, and Lolita Davidovich show what can happen after an accident.
It Happened One Night

1934, 105 min. DVD 175; VHS 999:11

Directed by Frank Capra, featuring Clark Gable, Claudette Colbert. Colbert plays a runaway heiress and Gable is an unemployed journalist who helps her in the cross country flight via bus and by hitchhiking.

Clark Gable and Claudette Colbert fall in love on a rural bus trip. Includes hitchhiking tips.

It's a Gift 1934, W.C. Fields and family hit the road for California, where things aren't as advertised.
Joyride 1977, On the road to Alaska, be careful not to drift into crime. Also watch out for celebrity offspring, such as Desi Arnaz Jr. and John Carradine.
Kalifornia

1993, 118 min. 999:2292

Directed by Dominic Sena. Featuring Brad Pitt, Juliette Lewis, David Duchovny, Michelle Forbes. Twisted, psychotic ex-convict Early Grayce has found his ride out of town...and just in time. Early didn't like the way his landlord was "acting up" so he killed him. Lucky for Early and his girlfriend, a young couple writing a book on serial killers needs two people to share expenses for a cross-country trip. The two couples are about to take one unforgettable ride.

Brad Pitt stars in a movie that illustrates why a couple researching a coffee table book on serial killers should be very careful in selecting travel companions.

http://us.imdb.com/Title?0107302

Kings of the Road

Im Lauf der Zeit

1976, 176 min. 999:310

Directed by Wim Wenders. Depicts the experiences of two young men in Germany. One repairs cinema equipment, the other cannot face the world from which he came. Together they set off on a rambling trip across Germany, listening to rock'n roll, visiting closed movie theatres, meeting strangers and learning what it means to be living in today's Germany.

Corrigan, Timothy. "Wenders' Kings of the Road: The Voyage from Desire to Language." New German Critique, vol. 24-25. 1981-1982 Fall-Winter. pp: 94-107.
Gemunden, Gerd. "On the Way to Language: Wenders' Kings of the Road." Film Criticism, vol. 15 no. 2. 1991 Winter. pp: 13-28.

Il Lardo di Bambini Italien/Frankreich 1991, R: Gianni Amelio, 112 min, http://us.imdb.com/Title?0104663
The Last Chase 1981, Twenty years after a 1980s fuel shortage ends auto travel, Lee Majors becomes a symbol of freedom by driving around the country in his reassembled Porsche.
Living End

1992, Directed by Gregg Araki. Focuses on the relationship between a pair of young, HIV-positive outcasts. 85 min. 999:1637

Mills, Katie. "Revitalizing the Road Genre: 'The Living End' as an AIDS Road Film."

Lola rennt BRD 1998, D: Tom Twyker, 81min,view trailer http://us.imdb.com/Title?0130827
Lolita 1992, Directed by Adrian Lyne; featuring Jeremy Irons, Melanie Griffith, Frank Langella, Dominique Swain. "Adapted from the novel by Vladimir Nabokov (previously filmed by Stanley Kubrick in 1962 -- DVD 52; Video/C 999:106), Lolita stars Jeremy Irons as Humbert Humbert, a college literature professor. While looking for a place to live after securing a new teaching position, he meets Charlotte Haze (Melanie Griffith), a pretentious and annoying woman who seems desperately lonely and is obviously attracted to Humbert. Humbert pays her little mind until he meets her 13-year-old daughter Lolita (Dominique Swain)... Humbert moves into the Haze home as a boarder and eventually marries Charlotte in order to be closer to Lolita; when Charlotte finds out about Humbert's attraction to her daughter, she flees the house in a rage, only to be killed in an auto accident. Without telling Lolita of her mother's fate, Humbert takes her on a cross-country auto trip, where their relationship begins to move beyond the traditional boundaries of stepfather and step-daughter..." --Mark Deming [All Movie Guide] 137 min. DVD 78; VHS 999:2250
The Long, Long Trailer 1954, Lucille Ball and Desi Arnaz take time out from "Lucy and Ricky" to honeymoon in what may perhaps be too long a trailer.
Lost in America 1985, Albert Brooks and Julie Hagerty drop out of the rat race. Even losing their nest egg in Las Vegas can't keep them from heading out on the highway for a cross-country trip in their motor home.
Lost Highway USA 1997, D: David Lynch, 135min, http://us.imdb.com/Title?0116922

Milky Way

La Voie Lactée

1969, 105 min. 999:1062

Directed by Luis Buñuel. A surreal comedy on the history of human folly. Two scraggly hippie pilgrims set out on a modern odyssey that sends them travelling through time to meet Jesus, the Virgin Mary, the Devil, the Marquis de Sade and a multitude of fools and knaves who wielded power in the name of holiness.

Miracle on I-880 1994, Made-for-TV docudrama about the rescue of a survivor trapped by the collapse of the Nimitz Freeway during the Loma Prieta Earthquake in Oakland, Calif. Ruben Blades and Sandy Duncan are among the stars.
My Own Private Idaho

1991, Directed by Gus Van Sant. "In this modern restructuring of the 60's road movie, River Phoenix and Keanu Reeves hustle their way through Seattle, Portland, Idaho and Rome on a quest for River's missing mother. With a meticulous lyric style, the film combines sprawling landscapes, scenes of passionless sexuality, and allusions to Orson Welles' Chimes at Midnightas it addresses issues of love, family, politics, and homosexuality." (Facets, catalog 12) 105 min. 999:1316

R & B: Gus Van Sant K: Eric Alan Edwards, John Campbell M: Bill Stafford D: River Phoenix, Keanu Reeves, William Richert, James Russo, Rodney Harvey P: USA 1990 V: 35mm L: 104 min

Mike (RP) ist Stricher, außerdem Narkoleptiker (Schlafkranker) und unterwegs auf den Landstraßen Idahos und in den trostlosen Städten der amerikanischen Provinz. In Rückblenden sieht man ihn zusammen mit seinem Freund Scott (KR) in Portland, wo Scott, der Bürgermeistersohn, sich von Bob (WR), Dealer und Protektor der Stricher, anleiten läßt. Irgendwann machen sich die beiden Freunde auf die Suche nach Mikes Mutter, über deren Aufenthaltsort nur vage Hinweise bestehen. Mikes Bruder (JR), den sie auf ihrer Reise besuchen, versucht Mike klarzumachen, daß ihre Mutter sich in Haft befindet, dieser glaubt die Geschichte jedoch nicht. Schließlich führt ein Hinweis die Freunde nach Italien, wo Scott sich in eine Frau verliebt. Später in Portland sehen sich Scott und Mike noch einmal wieder. Scott ist nun verheiratet und tritt gerade den Posten als Bürgermeister an, den sein verstorbener Vater ihm überlassen hat. Zum Schluß steht Mike wieder einmal am Rande einer endlosen Landstraße und wartet auf den nächsten Wagen, als ein Anfall von Narkolepsie ihn packt.
Regisseur Gus Van Sant, der selbst in Portland lebt, erzählt die traurige Geschichte Mikes ohne jegliche Beschönigung, aber in genau der Kargheit und Trostlosigkeit, in der sie sich hätte abspielen können. Mike, der Träumer, der glaubt, in der Beziehung zu Scott ein wenig Geborgenheit zu finden, scheitert an der Wirklichkeit und steht am Ende in seiner ganzen Hilflosigkeit alleine da.

National Lampoon's Vacation 1983, Chevy Chase and family hit the highways bound for Wally World.
Natural Born Killers

1994, 118 min. 999:2153

Directed by Oliver Stone. Performers: Woody Harrelson, Juliette Lewis, Robert Downey, Jr., Tommy Lee Jones, Tom Sizemore, Rodney Dangerfield. Two victims of traumatized childhoods become lovers and psychopathic serial murderers irresponsibly glorified by the mass media.

Night on Earth USA 1991, D: Jim Jarmush, 130min
O Brother, Where Are Thou? USA 2000, D: Coen Brothers
Out 1982, An existential, and not very good, road odyssey.
Paris nous apartient Frankreich 1958-60, D: Jacques Rivette, 121min
Paris, Texas

1984, 145 min. 999:257

Directed by Wim Wenders; featuring Harry Dean Stanton, Nastassja Kinski, Dean Stockwell, Aurore Clement, Hunter Carson. An amnesiac, long thought dead, slowly begins to remember his past. He must reassemble the pieces of his life like a detective solving a mystery.

Pickup on 101 1972, Leslie Ann Warren hits the road.
Planes, Trains, and Automobiles 1987, An intermodal comedy with Steve Martin and John Candy.
PowWow Highway

1989, 91 min. 999:445

Philbert, a Cheyenne Indian from Montana, goes on vision quest to find enlightenment. After he meets Buddy Red Bow, a fiery Indian activist, things really start to happen.

Langen, Toby. "Culture Isn't Buckskin Shoes: A Conversation Around Powwow Highway." Studies in American Indian Literatures: The Journal of the Association for the Study of American Indian Literatures, vol. 3 no. 3. 1991 Fall. pp: 23-29.

Proffesione Reporter Italien 1973, R. Michelangelo Antonioni, 125min
Psycho 1960, Anthony Perkins in Alfred Hitchcock's cautionary tale about being careful in which motel you spend the night.
Rebels without a cause USA 1955, R: Nicholas Ray, mit James Dean 106min
Road to Morocco

1942, 82 min. 999:2039

Directed by David Butler; featuring Bing Crosby, Bob Hope, Dorothy Lamour, Anthony Quinn. The lone survivors of a ship wrecked in the Mediterranean, our heroes find themselves in the company of a Moroccan Princess Shalimar (Lamour), who has purchased Bob and plans to make him her husband. This would be swell except for the jealousy of nasty Sheik Mullay Kassim. This is the third "Road" picture of the Hope and Crosby comedy team.

Cohan, Steven. "Queering the Deal: On the Road with Hope and Crosby." In: Out Takes: Essays on Queer Theory and Film / edited by Ellis Hanson. pp: 23-45. Durham [N.C.]: Duke University Press, 1999. Series Q
Main Stack PN1995.9.H55.O88 1999

Roadgames 1981, Stacey Keach is a truck driver who picks up hitchhiking Jamie Lee Curtis.
Roadhouse 66 1984, Funny things can happen if your car breaks down in Arizona.
The Road Killers 1995, Vacationers on a trip across Nevada run into psychos along the way.
Road Scholar 1993, A documentary featuring humorist/social commentator Andrei Codrescu on a trip across America in a Cadillac convertible.
Roadside Prophets 1990, A construction worker rides his motorcycle from Los Angeles to Nevada, meets assorted people of varying strangeness, and seeks to dispose of a friend's ashes.
The Road Warrior

1982, 94 min. 999:2533

Directed by George Miller. Mel Gibson, Bruce Spence, Michael Preston, Max Phipps, Vernon Wells. A former police officer is now a lone wanderer, travelling through a post-apocalyptic Australia looking for the now-priceless fuel of petrol. He lives to survive and is none too pleased when he finds himself the only hope of a small group of honest people running a remote oil refinery. He must protect them from the bike gang that is terrorizing them, while transporting their entire fuel supply to safety.

Rumble Fish USA 1983, R: Francis Ford Coppola, mit Mickey Ruke, 94min.
The Sheltering Sky England 1989/90, R: Bernardo Bertolucci, 138min
Six of a Kind 1934, George Burns and Gracie Allen travel west for a vacation.
Smokey and the Bandit 1977, A cross-country car and truck chase with Burt Reynolds, Jerry Reed, Sally Field, and Jackie Gleason. Inspired 1980 and 1983 sequels (although "inspired" is probably not the correct word for Smokey III).
Smoke Signals

1998, 89 min. 999:2197

Directed by Chris Eyre. Featuring Adam Beach, Evan Adams, Irene Bedard, Gary Farmer, Tantoo Cardinal. Two Coeur d'Alene Indians--tough, brooding Beach and likable, nerdy Adams--travel from their Idaho reservation to Phoenix to retrieve the remains of Beach's dead father and discover some truths about themselves along the way. This amusing, bittersweet road movie offers a refreshing Native American point of view.

Something Wild 1986, Jeff Daniels and Melanie Griffith demonstrate why a straight arrow businessman should think twice before driving cross country with a flaky woman he just met.
Song of the Open Road 1944, A juvenile film star takes to the road and joins the Civilian Conservation Corps
Speed 1994, Keanu Reeves, Dennis Hopper, and Sandra Bullock demonstrate the perils of mass transit.
Speed Zone! 1989, Sheriff Peter Boyle tries to stop a Cannonball type race. Celebrity cast, including Brooke Shields and Jamie Farr, provides a good reason for the audience to root for the sheriff.
Stanno Tutti Bene Italien 1990, D: Giuseppe Tornatore, 126min
La Strada Italien 1954, R; Frederivo Fellini, 102min
The Straight Story USA 1999, D: David Lynch
Stranger Than Paradise

1984, 89 min. Video/D 185

Directed by Jim Jarmusch. Eddie and Willie's inert lifestyle is suddenly intruded upon by Willie's Hungarian cousin. At first she's a drag, but the cousin has a few surprises for her American friends.

Sullivan's Travels

1941, 91 min. 999:358

Directed by Preston Sturges, featuring Joel McCrea, Veronica Lake, Robert Warwick, William Demarest, Margaret Hayes, Porter Hall, Franklin Pangborn, Eric Blore. A successful Hollywood director disguises himself as a bum and sets off to see America from the bottom up. In the midst of the brutality and despair, he makes a valuable discovery--that what the downtrodden need most is laughter.

Cywinski, Ray. Preston Sturges: a guide to references and resources. Boston, Mass.: G.K. Hall, c1984. (UCB Main PN1998.A3 S885 1984)
Hearle, Kevin. "Sturges and The Grapes of Wrath: Sullivan's Travels as Documentary Comedy." Steinbeck Newsletter, vol. 7 no. 2. 1994 Summer. pp: 5-7.
Wineapple, Brenda. "Finding an Audience: Sullivan's Travels." Journal of Popular Film and Television vol. 11 no. 4. 1984 Winter. pp: 152-157.

Sunchaser USA 1996, Michael Cimino, 118min
The Sugarland Express

1974, 109 min. 999:2175

Directed by Steven Spielberg; featuring Goldie Hawn, Ben Johnson, Michael Sacks, William Atherton. Based on an actual event, this film follows the adventures of a Texas outlaw couple, Lou Jean and Clovis Poplin who intend to kidnap their baby from its foster parents. They take a Texas State Trooper as hostage and lead the police on a wild chase across the state in an effort to save their son from adoption.

Stephen Spielberg's first theatrical release follows a fugitive couple fleeing to Sugarland, Texas. Goldie Hawn stars.

The Sure Thing 1985, If your dream is across the country, one way of finding her is to hit the road.
Thelma and Louise

1991, 130 min. 999:961

Directed by Ridley Scott; featuring Susan Sarandon, Geena Davis, Harvey Keitel. Unhappy housewife Thelma and her wise-cracking waitress friend Louise decide to take a break from their lives. They embark on a trip that leads to a tragic incident at a roadside honky tonk. In an instant, their weekend getaway becomes just that as they flee across the American southwest with the police a step behind.

Susan Sarandon and Geena Davis hit the highway but take a wrong turn.

They Drive by Night 1940, Melodrama of truck driving brothers, with George Raft, Ann Sheridan, and Humphrey Bogart.
Thieves' Highway 1949, Underworld mobsters move in on the California trucking business.
Those Daring Young Men in Their Jaunty Jalopies 1969, International cast in a 1920s auto race to Monte Carlo.
Thunder Road 1958, Bootleggers versus the Feds, with Robert Mitchum.
Tommy Boy 1995, Two bumblers, Chris Farley and David Spade, become traveling salesmen as a last resort to save their auto parts manufacturing company. If they are the last resort, perhaps the firm is not really worth saving, but they bond, become better human beings, and save the company anyway.
The Top of His Head Canada 1989D: Peter Mettler, 110min, http://us.imdb.com/Title?0098493

Topio Stin Omichli

Landschaft im Nebel

Griechenland/Frankreich 1988, R. Theo Angelopulos, 126min
To Wong Foo, Thanks for Everything! Julie Newmar 1995, Patrick Swayze, Wesley Snipes, and John Leguizamo travel across the country disguised as women. The title probably should have been sufficient warning for all three as well as the financial backers.
Transes Schweiz 1981, R: Clemens Klopfenstein, 87min
Truck Stop Women 1974, This is a movie about truck-stop women.
True Romance

1993, 121 min. Video 999:2299

Directed by Tony Scott; featuring Christian Slater, Patricia Arquette, Dennis Hopper, Val Kilmer, Gary Oldman, Brad Pitt, Christopher Walken. Lovers find themselves in possession of a suitcase full of valuable mob contraband and plan to take the goods from Detroit to Los Angeles to sell them, but the gangsters and the police have other ideas.

Two Lane Blacktop

1971, 103 min. Video 999:2299

Directed by Monte Hellman; featuring James Taylor, Warren Oates, Laurie Bird, Dennis Wilson. In this controversial and acclaimed story of drag-racing drifters, the drivers of a Pontiac GTO and a '55 Chevy battle across the backroads of America for possession of each other's "pinks" and the affections of a mysterious young hitchhiker.

A '55 Chevy races a new GTO across the Southwest - the movie is better than it has to be.

Uccellacci e ucellini Italien 1965, Pier Paolo Pasolini, 88min

Vagabond

Sans toit ni loi

1985, 105 min. 999:882

Directed by Agnes Varda. Mona, an aimless drifter in the French countryside, deeply touches the lives of the people she meets and confronts them with her own ideas of freedom.

The Vanishing 1993, This remake of a superior 1988 French film stars Jeff Bridges, Sandra Bullock, and Keifer Sutherland. When the latter's girlfriend disappears at a gas station, he becomes a teensy bit obsessed with searching for her - on the road for three years!
Vanishing Point

1971, D: Richard C. Sarafian, 99min

When Barry Newman is told to drive a Dodge Challenger from Denver to San Francisco for no apparent reason, he decides to do it in 15 hours, also for no apparent reason. Maybe the police wouldn't worry so much about his speeding if they knew they were simply part of an existential chase thriller. As one critic put it, "Exceptional rock score."

El Viaje, Die Reise, Argentinien 1992, R: Fernando E. Solanas, 132min
The Wayward Bus 1957, Joan Collins and Jayne Mansfield in an adaptation of John Steinbeck's novel about passengers on a bus.
Wheels of Terror 1990, A made-for-cable movie about a school bus chasing a demonic black sedan.
White Line Fever 1975, Jan-Michael Vincent is a young trucker who, accompanied by his diesel truck, fights the forces of evil.
Week End Frankreich 1968, R: Jean Luc Godard, 103min
Weihnachtsfieber

BRD/Österreich 1997, R: Paul Harather, 90min

Who Framed Roger Rabbit 1988, Mixed animation and live action detective story, with a highway off-ramp as the motive for murder.
Wild at Heart

USA 1990, D: David Lynch B: David Lynch (nach dem Roman von Barry Gifford) K: Fred Elmes M: Angelo Badalamenti D: Nicolas Cage, Laura Dern, Dianne Ladd, Willem Dafoe, Isabella Rosselini P: USA 1990 V: 35 mm, OmU L: 127 min.

Sailor (NC) und Lula (LD) sind ein Liebespaar und auf der Flucht vor Lulas Mutter (DL), die aus lauter Haß auf Sailor eine ganze Gefolgschaft von Killern mobilisiert hat. Auf der Fahrt von South Carolina in Richtung Westen werden die Liebenden Zeugen von schrecklichen Unfällen und der sinnlosen Gewalttätigkeit der Auftragskiller. Doch sie haben immer noch einander. Bis Lula im Motelzimmer einer heruntergekommenen Kleinstadt von einem vermeintlichen Freund (WD) bedrängt wird...
Ein obsessiver Film mit einem märchenhaften Ende, in dem Sailor mit Hilfe einer guten Fee und "Love Me Tender" gegen alle bösen Mächte ansingt. "Die Bestandsaufnahme als Horrorshow, die Utopie als Märchen verschmelzen zu einem (Alp-) Traumspektakel, dessen Bilder sich tief in die Erinnerung einbrennen" (epd-Film, 9/90).

Wilde Erdbeeren (Smultronstället)

R & B: Ingmar Bergman K: Gunnar Fischer M: Erik Nordgren D: Victor Sjöström, Bibi Andersson, Ingrid Thulin, Gunnar Björnstrand, Folke Sundquist, Björn Bjelvenstam P: Schweden 1957 V: 16 mm L: 91 min.

Der alte Professor Isak Borg (VS) soll anläßlich des 50. Jahrestages seiner Promotion an der Universität Lund geehrt werden. Begleitet von seiner Schwiegertochter Marianne (IT) macht er sich mit dem Auto auf den Weg nach Lund. Die Fahrt führt die beiden an eine Stelle, wo der Professor als Kind wilde Erdbeeren gesammelt hat; unvermittelt sieht er sich in die Zeit versetzt, als er von Freunden umgeben und glücklich war. Im Laufe der Reise erscheinen Professor Borg weitere Personen, die ihm einmal wichtig waren: er sieht sich seiner Jugendliebe gegenüber, die er verloren hat und durchlebt noch einmal den bitteren Moment, in dem er entdeckte, daß seine Frau ihn im Wald mit einem anderen betrügt. Eine Strecke des Weges lang fahren drei junge Anhalter (BA, FS, BB) im Wagen mit, die dem Professor mit ihrer Lebendigkeit seine eigene Einsamkeit vor Augen führen. Schließlich, nach einem Gespräch mit Marianne, deren Ehe mit seinem Sohn (GB) zu scheitern droht, gelangt der alte Mann zu einer traurigen Selbsteinschätzung.
Victor Sjoström - nicht nur Schauspieler, sondern auch großer schwedischer Regisseur und Vorbild Ingmar Bergmans - spielt den Professor mit einer Mischung aus Brutalität, Trauer, Angst und Einsamkeit, von der der gesamte Film beeinflußt wird.
Die Art, wie in diesem Film märchenhafte Traumsequenzen mit der Realität verwoben sind, ist in ihrer Mühelosigkeit nahezu einzigartig und macht Wilde Erdbeeren zu einem Meisterwerk des schwedischen Kinos.

The Wild One

1954, 79 min. 999:190

Directed by Laslo Benedek; featuring Marlon Brando, Mary Murphy, Robert Keith, Lee Marvin, Jay C. Flippen. Johnny is the leader of a vicious biker gang which invades a small, sleepy California town. The leather-jacketed young biker seems hellbent for destruction until he falls for Kathie, a"good girl" whose father happens to be a cop.

Marlon Brando and his motorcycle pals terrorize a small town.

Wir können auch anders

R: Detlev Buck B: Ernst Kahl, Detlev Buck K: Roger Heereman M: Detlef Petersen D: Joachim Król, Horst Krause, Sophie Rois P: D 1992/93 V: 16 mm L: 90 min.

Zwei Brüder, der charmante Kipp und der brummige Most, erben ein Haus in Mecklenburg-Vorpommern. Die Reise dorthin im klapprigen LKW wird zu einem einzigen Abenteuer, denn die Brüder können nicht einmal die Straßenschilder lesen und müssen sich den unterschiedlichsten Schwierigkeiten stellen, unter denen der russische Deserteur Viktor noch am harmlosesten ist. So überrascht es kaum, daß die Brüder zum Schluß ein völlig anderes Ziel erreichen: In der russischen Provinz doziert Kipp schließlich vor begeisterten Zuhörern über Fischzucht, während Most - gewohnt mürrisch - Bier zapft und seinen Bruder mit einer Mischung aus Ärger und Bewunderung ansieht.
Ein Roadmovie? Sicherlich! Ein Kultfilm? Längst; denn wer den Film einmal gesehen hat, ist dem lakonischen Witz von Detlev Buck (Karniggels,Männerpension) und dem Titanic-Autor Ernst Kahl verfallen; letzterer bekam übrigens für seine Nebenrolle als betrunkener Kneipengast den "Blauen Engel" 1993 verliehen. Vor allem aber ist Wir können auch anders ein berückend schöner Liebesfilm, in dem die Affäre zwischen Viktor und einer rothaarigen Provinzschönheit nur Beiwerk ist: Die eigentliche Liebe ist die zwischen den Brüdern Kipp und Most, die sich trotz zahlreicher Irritationen (bis hin zu Prügeleien) als überaus stabil erweist.

Wizard of Oz

Directed by Victor Fleming. Dorothy, her dog Toto, and three friends set off for the mysterious Emerald City in search of the Wizard. They are pursued by the Wicked Witch of the West but they finally reach the Emerald City and receive an audience with the Wizard.

1939, 101 min. 999:190

Y tu mamá también Mexiko 2002, Autorenfilm: Alfonso und Carlo Cuáron,
Zabriskie Point USA 1969/79, R: Michelangelo Antonioni, 111min http://us.imdb.com/Title?0066601
Zugvögel
Einmal nach Inari
BRD/Finnland 1997, R: Peter Lichterfeld, 87min.
   
  Niemals stillstehen
von
Anja Herkenrath

Aus der Luft sieht man das Band einer endlosen, gewundenen Straße, darauf ein Auto. Eine junge Frau sitzt darin. Ein Sportflugzeug folgt dem Wagen, zieht Kreise über ihm und landet schließlich in seiner Nähe. Der Pilot steigt aus, der Wagen hält an. Was dieser Szene aus Zabriskie Point von Michelangelo Antonioni folgt, ist eine vom Zeitgefühl unbehelligte Liebesbeziehung, welche die Geschichte des Mannes und der Frau für kurze Zeit verknüpft. Dann fahren die beiden weiter, in unterschiedliche Richtungen.
Obwohl sich in jedem Film die Wege der Menschen kreuzen, eine Zeitlang parallellaufen oder trennen, bietet das Roadmovie eine ganz besondere Ausdrucksform für die Darstellung von Lebenswegen.
Die Hauptpersonen haben meistens kein festes Ziel, sondern sind auf der Flucht, wie Sailor und Lula, das von der eifersüchtigen Mutter bzw. Schwiegermutter verfolgte Liebespaar in David Lynchs Wild at Heart, oder Maria Schrader und Anna Thalbach als Bankräuberinnen in Burning Life von Peter Welz. In anderen Filmen dieses Genres wiederum kann man nur ahnen, warum die Menschen unterwegs sind, was sie antreibt. Ist es die Suche nach Freiheit oder die Lust daran, niemals stillzustehen, welche die Easy Rider, die Motorradfahrer aus dem Film von Dennis Hopper, über die Straßen des amerikanischen Westens ziehen läßt? Und River Phoenix als Strichjunge Mike in Gus Van Sants My Private Idaho? Was hat er sich auf seinen Fahrten von einer schäbigen Kleinstadt zur nächsten noch zu erhoffen?
Unvergeßlich ist auch die Szene aus Tatjana von Aki Kaurismäki, als der Automechaniker und sein Kunde schweigend in den Wagen steigen, den der Kunde nach beendeter Reparatur abholen will, und auf eine mehrtägige "Probefahrt" nach Weißrußland gehen.
Wim Wenders hat in den 70er Jahren mit Alice in den Städten, Falsche Bewegung und Im Lauf der Zeit eine Roadmovie-Trilogie gedreht. Alice in den Städten handelt von einer langen Reise, die einen an sich selbst zweifelnden Journalisten erst durch die USA und später, an der Seite eines ihm zur Beaufsichtigung übergebenen kleinen Mädchens, durch das Ruhrgebiet führt. In diesem Film sind als kleine Spielerei die unterschiedlichsten Verkehrsmittel zu sehen. Nicht zufällig führt die Fahrt auch nach Wuppertal. Während diese Trilogie überwiegend in Deutschland spielt, drehte Wenders später mit Paris - Texas auch ein eindrucksvolles amerikanisches Roadmovie.
Die USA mit ihren Wüsten, ausgedehnten Canyons und unzähligen Meilen von Landstraßen und Highways ist unbestritten das Land des Roadmovies. Doch gewinnen gerade europäische Roadmovies ihren besonderen Reiz aus der Tatsache, etwas anders als gewöhnlich zu sein. Wäre die Fahrt der beiden ungleichen Brüder zu ihrem geerbten "Herrensitz" in Wir können auch anders von Detlev Buck irgendwo anders denkbar als im Deutschland nach der Wende? ("Gelder sind vorhanden!") Und Ingmar Bergmans Reise in die Vergangenheit in seinem Meisterwerk Wilde Erdbeeren wäre ohne die Aufnahmen in den Landschaften Schwedens nicht halb so traumversunken.

 

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  Women in Road Movies

“The women are essentially along for the ride, and are not part of what is constantly being redefined as an exclusive male enclave.”
Williams, M.: Road Movies: The complete Guide to Cinema on Wheels. New York/London: Proteus, 1982, p. 8.

“Time after time, one can detach the females without endangering the structure of the main plot.”
Woods, F: Hot Guns and Cold Women. In: Films and Filming. Vol. 5, No. 6, March 1959, p. 30.

“Defence of her honour and rights became as important in themselves as the battle between law and lawlessness.”
Fenin, G. K./Everson, W. K.: The Western: From Silents to the Seventies. New York/ Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1977, p. 40.

Road Movies represent the myth of mobility and freedom. These values are more likely to be associated with masculinity than feminine. This is probably the reason why most of the heroes in Road Movies are men.

Women however play certain roles in the genre of Road Movies which are more important than they seem if you take a closer look.

The importance of women in Road Movies is comparable to that in the Western.

Generally you can say that the appearance of women in a typical Road Movie is passive rather than active. They are the objects while men are the subjects; But, although women are passive, they greatly influence the story’s plot. George N. Fenin and William K. Everson (1977) call the woman a “plot motivator”.

We can often find gender-specific characters in Road Movies in which women play the weak parts and men have to protect them.

Examples for this frequent stereotype would be:
  • The hero of Coast to Coast (1980) fights for the rights of a woman.
  • The female characters of The Gauntlet (1977) and Fast Charlie – the Moonbeam Rider (1979) symbolize the weak passivity that has to be defended by a man.
  • Another example is Badlands (1973) where Holly influences the plot passively. Kit’s love for Holly is the reason for their escape and is therefore the main force in the story.

“The image of the western woman, as rendered by Hollywood, stands confused, between the sentimental and mythological conception of the pure but weak and defenceless female, without any personality of her own, essentially dependent on the hero, and the titillatingly sexual and aggressive heroine.”
Fenin, G. K./Everson, W. K.: The Western: From Silents to the Seventies. New York/ Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1977, p. 40.

Although women don’t play the central roles in typical Road Movies, their characters often are very distinct. Still - their importance for the plot is defined by their relationship to the male protagonist.

There is a strong polarization in the way the personalities of women are represented. They may be the whore, the brave innocent girl, or sometimes even a virgin. The influence of the man changes this radical characteristic. On the one hand, the whore learns to live a civic life and to love only one man. On the other hand, the prudish girl learns to have fun and looses her virginity.

The stereotyped woman of the Road Movie can be compared to the typical woman of the Western.

Though the situation of women in society changed at the time Road Movies’ rising popularity, many Road Movies still used the image of the western women.

A very frequently found combination of good and bad is characteristic of all the female models in the following movies:
  • The female probation officer in Cannonball (1976) evolves from a brave and boring person to an active woman full of adventurous spirit.
  • The wife of the male protagonist in Pursuit (1981) wishes to have an average life at the beginning but starts joining her husband for his adventures and even likes danger at the end of the movie.
  • In Lost in America (1985) the scared wife of the hero turns into a wicked gambler.
However, there are also examples of women who turn from bad into good.
  • Pick-up is the provocative girl in High Ballin (1978), but at the end she has to be rescued by the male hero, Rane.
  • The female protagonist in Roadhouse 66 (1985) is the owner of a shop for car replacement parts and is introduced as a very strong and masculine woman. After a while her love for the male hero changes her behaviour radically and she starts acting like a weak woman who has to be protected by a man.
  • We can also find this concept in The Gauntlet (1977). A prostitute is influenced by a man and starts a good life with him.
There is a third way women are represented in Road Movies – the armed woman. Usually, she is a strong and masculine woman who plays a role which a man normally would.
  • In Convoy (1978) there is a woman called Widow Woman who participates in a fight between truckers.
  • There are armed women in Made in USA (1986) and in Return to Macon County (1974) who are stronger and more courageous than all the men.
  • Carol in The Getaway (1972) acts as masculine as her partner, especially when she uses arms.
  • At the ending of Zabriskie Point (1969), it’s a woman, Daria, who releases the bomb.
  • The female protagonists in Cannonball (1976) and The Cannonball Run (1980) even use sex as their weapon to win races.

Still there are some Road Movies where we can find female heroes. Like in all Road Movies, the women have certain reasons for their trips and these reasons can be different. However, it’s often because those women are running away from a man. Examples for Road Movies with female heroes are:
  • Boys on the Side (1995): Whoopi Goldberg, Marie-Louise Parker, and Drew Barrymore have 3,000 miles of bonding experiences while driving across the country.
  • Coast to Coast (1980): Dyan Cannon is a nutty woman who travels cross country with Robert Blake, who plays a trucker who isn’t exactly normal either.
  • Even Cowgirls get the Blues (1994): is about a young woman who has a big thumb and, therefore, becomes a hitchhiker
  • The Great Dynamite Chase (1977): Female bank robbers hit the road.
  • The Sugarland Express (1974): Stephen Spielberg´s first theatrical release follows a fugitive couple fleeing to Sugarland, Texas. Goldie Hawn stars.
  • Truck Stop Women (1974): This movie is all about the lives of truck-stop women.
  • Thelma and Louise (1991): Susan Sarandon and Geena Davis hit the highway but take the wrong turn.
   
Literatur

Bertelsen, Martin
Roadmovies und Western
Ein Vergleich zur Genre-Bestimmung des Roadmovies

1. Auflage 1991, ca. 200 Seiten

Jack Sargeant (Editor), Stephanie Watson (Editor), Stephen Watson
Lost Highways: An Illustrated History of Road Movies
256 pages; 1 edition (2000)
Road Movies (Soft Skull Press, No. 7)

by Mark Williams
Road Movies
90 pages; 3rd edition (January 1998
Proteus Pub Co; ISBN: 0862760542

Dimendberg, Edward
The will to motorization: cinema, highways, and modernity
October (Cambridge, Mass) no73 Summer 1995. p. 90-137


Eyerman, Ron; Lofgren, Orvar
Romancing the Road: Road Movies and Images of Mobility
Theory, Culture and Society 1995 Feb, 12:1, 53-79


edited by Steven Cohan and Ina Rae Hark
The Road Movie Book
London; New York: Routledge, 1997. Main Stack PN1995.9.R63.R63 1997

   
Links
www.road-movies.de/flash4.html

http://www.highways.dk/fritid/roadmovies/thekingisalive.html

http://www.hackwriters.com/roadone.htm

http://www.tfhrc.gov/pubrds/summer96/p96su42.htm

http://www.univie.ac.at/Anglistik/easyrider/data/WomanRoads.htm

http://www.lib.berkeley.edu/MRC/roadmovies.html#roaddocu

http://www.rauschen.de/artikel/aktuell/davidlynch.htm

http://www.dgj.ch/winterreise/movies.html

http://www.geocities.com/SunsetStrip/Backstage/1552/

http://www.fluchten.de/text.htm

http://www.katiemills.com/index.html

http://www.tfhrc.gov/pubrds/summer96/p96su42.htm

http://members.es.tripod.de/flix/roadmovies/

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